Brief Glossary of Basic Wine Terms
Cépages Grape Varieties
Weather, soil, moisture, pruning and training of the vine all influence the characteristics of wine.
So the suitability of the grape to each region determines its quality.
Vin de Table is the basic classification and must be a minimum of 8.5% – max 15% ABV
Vin de Pays / Vin de Pays de Cépage is best quality table wine with minimum 9%(10% in Mediterranean) ABV
AO VDQS Appellation d’Origine- Vins Délimités de Qualité Supérieure AOC Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée
AO, VDQS & AOC are all strictly regulated by area, variety, ABV,maximum yield per hectare, method of cultivation and vinification.
Chateau bottled refers to the estate
Shippers Name on a label denotes quality and reliability
ADEB SEAL on neck of bottle of Bordeaux wine is a guide to good quality
3 LEVELS OF QUALITY DISTINGUISH SAINT EMILION WINES
ONLY THE GRAND CRU CAN APPLY TO BE RANKED AS
GRAND CRU CLASSÉ
1st GRAND CRU CLASSÉ B
1st GRAND CRU CLASSÉ A (highest ranking)